Published and Working Papers

Tobin Project conferences and meetings serve as opportunities for scholars to prepare short papers with early-stage ideas to be discussed with both policymakers and scholars from varied disciplines. The papers are often preliminary and intended to serve as launching points for innovative new work, rather than as a venue to share well-established ideas. Subsequently, scholars often develop these pieces into working papers or published articles. The papers posted below include working papers and published articles that have grown out of research presented at Tobin Project workshops, seminars, or conferences or that have been supported by Tobin Project research funding. The ideas expressed in these papers are those of the authors and do not represent the views of the Tobin Project.

 Government & Markets •  Economic Inequality 

 Institutions of Democracy •  National Security

 

Government & Markets:

Baron, Jonathan. "Risk Attitude, Investments, and the Taste for Luxuries vs. Necessities.Frontiers in Cognition. Special Issue: Human Preferences and Risky Choices. Eds. P. Van Schaik, P. Kusev, & A. Juliusson. In press. (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research workshop, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Baker, Tom. "Insurance in Sociolegal Research.Annual Review of Law and Social Science 6 (2010): 433-447. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Baker, Tom and Siegelman, Peter. "Tontines for the Invincibles: Enticing Low Risks Into the Health Insurance Pool With an Idea From Insurance History and Behavioral Economics." Wisconsin Law Review 79 (2010). (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Baker, Tom and Siegelman, Peter. "Tontines for the Young Invincibles.Regulation Winter 2009-2010: 20-26. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Barseghyan, Levon, Teitelbaum, Joshua, and Prince, Jeffrey. "Are Risk Preferences Stable across Contexts? Evidence from Insurance Data.American Economic Review 101.2 (April 2011): 591-631. (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research workshop, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Baxter, Lawrence. "Capture in Financial Regulation: Can We Redirect It Toward the Common Good?Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 21.1 (2011). (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Bennear, Lori, and Dickinson, Katherine. "Incorporating Evaluation into the Regulatory Process." Duke Environmental Economics Working Paper Series. Working Paper EE 11-06 (July 2011). (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Carpenter, Daniel. "Reputation, Information and Confidence: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Regulation.Public Choice and Public Law.  Eds. Daniel Farber and Anne Joseph O’Connell. Northampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Carpenter, Daniel, Grimmer, Justin, and Lomazoff, Eric. "Approval Regulation and Endogenous Consumer Confidence: Theory and Analogies to Licensing, Safety, and Financial Regulation." Regulation & Governance 4 (4) (December 2010): 383-407. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Carpenter, Daniel. "Proposal for a Financial Product Approval Process with Modified File-And-Use Elements, Public Scrutiny, and Committed Experimentation." Sent to Treasury Department, House Financial Services Committee, Rep. Brad Miller and other policymakers. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Carpenter, Daniel. "Institutional Strangulation: Bureaucratic Politics and Financial Reform in the Obama Administration." Perspectives on Politics, 8(3) (September 2010), 825-46. (Prepared for 2010 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Carpenter, Daniel. "Why Consumers Can't Trust the Fed.New York Times, 16 March 2010. (Prepared for 2010 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Carpenter, Daniel. "The Contest of Lobbies and Disciplines: Financial Politics and Regulatory Reform in the Obama Administration.Reaching For a New Deal: Obama’s Agenda and the Dynamics of U.S. Politics. Eds. Lawrence Jacobs and Theda Skocpol. New York: Oxford University Press and Russell Sage Foundation, 2011. (Prepared for 2010 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Carpenter, Daniel. "Demonstrative Consumer Regulation by the Federal Reserve - An Exercise in Reputation- and Turf-Based Governance?" Working paper draft. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Carruthers, Bruce G. "Dealing with Failure: Why Corporate Bankruptcy is not like Death." Working Paper. (Prepared for 2009 Tobin Project conference on Government & Markets)

Cox, James. "Staging and Scaling Regulation: Lessons From the SEC." Working paper. (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Duggan, Mark G. and Kocher, Robert. "The Economics, Opportunities, and Challenges of Health Insurance Exchanges.The Economists' Voice 7. 5 (2010). (Prepared for 2011 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Eisner, Marc. "Design for Environment: Lessons from Environmental Protection." Working paper. (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Ernst, Daniel. "The Scholarly Commons.Georgetown Law Faculty Working Papers. Paper 115 (2009) (Prepared for 2009 Tobin Project conference on Government & Markets)

Fligstein, Neil and Goldstein, Adam. "A Long Strange Trip: The State and Mortgage Securitization, 1968-2010.The Handbook of the Sociology of Finance. Eds. A. Preda and K. Knorr-Cetina. Cambridge University Press, forthcoming. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Fligstein, Neil and Goldstein, Adam. “Catalyst of Disaster: Subprime Mortgage Securitization and the Roots of the Great Recession.” The Great Recession and its effects on the life chances of Americans, Ed. David Grusky. Russell Sage Publications, New York, forthcoming. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Fligstein, Neil and Goldstein, Adam. "The Anatomy of the Mortgage Securitization Crisis.Research on the Sociology of Organizations. Eds. M. Lounsbury and P. Hirsch. Emerald Publishing (London, Eng., 2010). (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Freyer, Tony. "What Was Warren Court Antitrust?" The Supreme Court Review 347 (2009) University of Chicago Press. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Haase, Leif. "Exchanging Roles: The Affordable Care Act and Regulatory Upheaval." Working paper. (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Herring, Richard J. "The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable in Financial Policy: An Application to the Subprime Crisis.Yale Journal on Regulation 26.2 (July 2009). (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Jackson, Howell et al. "Making Financial Markets For Consumers.Harvard Business Review (July 2011). (Prepared for 2011 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

LaBond, Christine. "Helping Those Who Help Themselves." Working paper. (Prepared for 2011 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Lépinay, Vincent-Antonin and Hertz, Ellen. "Markets-in-law: Legal outeractionism in securities markets." Working paper. (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Omarova, Saule. "Bankers, Bureaucrats, and Guardians: Toward Tripartism in Financial Services Regulation." Working paper. (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Paydarfar, David and Schwartz, William. "Dear Provider: Know Thyself.New England Journal of Medicine 305.20 (2011): 2046-2047. (Prepared for 2007 Health Policy working group meeting)

Pistor, Katharina. "Into the Void: Governing Finance in Central and Eastern Europe." Working paper. (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Rahman, K. Sabeel. "Democracy and Productivity: The Glass-Steagall Act and the Shifting Discourse of Regulatory Reform." Working Paper. (Supported by a Tobin Project Graduate Student Fellowship)

Rahman, K. Sabeel. "Democracy and Financial Regulation." Working Paper. (Supported by a Tobin Project Graduate Student Fellowship)

Riles, Annelise. "Unwinding Technocracy." Collateral Knowledge: Legal Reasoning in the Global Financial Markets (University of Chicago, 2010). (Prepared for 2010 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Rivera, Jorge. "Institutional Pressures and Proactive environmental protection: evidence from the Costa Rican hotel industry." Business and Public Policy: Responses to Environmental and Social Protection Processes (Cambridge University Press, 2010). (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Rivera, Jorge. "Chief executive officers and proactive environemntal protection: evidence from the Costa Rican hotel industry." Business and Public Policy: Responses to Environmental and Social Protection Processes (Cambridge University Press, 2010). (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Sabel, Charles. "Minimalism and Experimentalism in the Administrative State." Forthcoming in Georgetown Law Review. (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Schneiberg, Marc. "Toward an Organizationally Diverse American Capitalism? Cooperative, Mutual, and Local, State-Owned Enterprise.Seattle University Law Review 34.4 (2011): 1409-1434. (Prepared for 2011 Rethinking Regulation meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Schneiberg, Marc and Bartley, Tim. "Regulating or Redesigning Finance? Market Architectures, Normal Accidents, and Dilemmas of Regulatory Reform.Research in the Sociology of Organizations 30 (2010): 281-307. (Prepared for 2009 Tobin Project conference on Government & Markets)

Schwarcz, Daniel. "Regulating Insurance Sales or Selling Insurance Regulation?: Against Regulatory Competition in Insurance." Minnesota Law Review 94 (2010): 1707; Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-53. (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Short, Jodi L. and Toffel, Michael W. "Making Self-Regulation More than Merely Symbolic: The Critical Role of the Legal Environment.Administrative Science Quarterly 55 (2010): 361-396; Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-14. (Prepared following discussions at the Tobin Project's 2009 conference on Government & Markets)

Spiegler, Peter. "Thoughts on the Prospects for Reform in Economics." Working paper. (Prepared for 2011 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Teitelbaum, Joshua, Barseghyan, Levon, and Prince, Jeffrey. "Are Risk Preferences Stable across Contexts? Evidence from Insurance Data." American Economic Review 101.2 (April 2011). 591-631. (Prepared for 2009 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Teitelbaum, Joshua et al. "The Nature of Risk Preferences: Evidence from Insurance Choices." SSRN Working Paper 1646520 (June 2011). (Prepared for 2010 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Warren, Elizabeth. "Unsafe at Any Rate.Democracy: A Journal of Ideas 5 (2007): 8-19. (Prepared for 2007 Risk working group meeting)

Westbrook, David. "Tragedy, Law, and Rethinking Our Financial markets.Out of Crisis: Rethinking Our Financial Markets. Paradigm Publishers, 2009. (Prepared for the Tobin Project's 2009 conference on Government & Markets)

Wilkinson-Ryan, Tess. "Breaching the Mortgage Contract: The Behavioral Economics of Strategic Default.Vanderbilt Law Review (2011). (Prepared for 2010 Behavioral and Institutional Research meeting, co-sponsored by the Tobin Project)

Wooten, Jim. "A Better Way to Promote Solvency in Defined-Benefit Pension Plans." Working paper. (Prepared for 2007 Retirement working group meeting)

» See also: Government and Markets: Toward a New Theory of Regulation (Cambridge University Press, 2009) and New Perspectives on Regulation (The Tobin Project, 2009)

 

Institutions of Democracy:

Ansolabehere, Stephen and Persily, Nathaniel. "Deciding Not To Decide -- For Now.The American Prospect. June 23, 2009. (Prepared as part of the Tobin Project's Institutions of Democracy working group)

Cain, Bruce and Tokaji, Daniel. "Stopping the New Vote Denial.The American Prospect. June 23, 2009. (Prepared as part of the Tobin Project's Institutions of Democracy working group)

Fraga, Luis. "Six Ways to Reform Democracy: Push states to mandate voter registration.Boston Review. September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Fung, Archon. "Six Ways to Reform Democracy: Let citizen assemblies draw districts.Boston Review. September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Gerken, Heather. "Six Ways to Reform Democracy.Boston Review. September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Gerken, Heather. "An Uncertain Fate for Voting Rights" and "Opting Into the Voting Rights Act.The American Prospect. June 23, 2009. (Prepared as part of the Tobin Project's Institutions of Democracy working group)

Gerken, Heather. The Democracy Index: Why Our Election System Is Failing and How to Fix It. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2009. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Hochschild, Jennifer and Weaver, Velsa. "'There’s No One as Irish as Barack O’Bama': The Politics and Policy of Multiracialism in the United States.Perspectives on Politics 8.3 (September 2009): 737-760. (Prepared for 2009 Tobin Project conference on The Future of Elections Scholarship)

Issacharoff, Samuel. "Six Ways to Reform Democracy: Create a national voter-registration list.Boston Review September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Karlan, Pamela. "Six Ways to Reform Democracy: Find more opportunities to introduce underrepresented groups to voting.Boston Review September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Keyssar, Alexander. "Six Ways to Reform Democracy: Reaffirm in law that voting is a fundamental right.Boston Review September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

McDonald, Michael. "A Proactive Bailout for the Voting Rights Act." The American Prospect. June 23, 2009.

Overton, Spencer. “Six Ways to Reform Democracy: Help the non-wealthy to participate in funding campaigns.” Boston Review September/October 2006. (Prepared for 2006 Institutions of Democracy working group meeting)

Pildes, Richard. "National Protections for the Right to Vote.The American Prospect. June 23, 2009. (Prepared as part of the Tobin Project's Institutions of Democracy working group)

» See also: Race, Reform, and Regulation of the Electoral Process: Recurring Puzzles in American Democracy (Cambridge University Press, 2011)

 

Economic Inequality

Blair, Margaret. "Financial Innovation, Leverage, Bubbles and the Distribution of Income.Review of Banking and Financial Law 30 (2010): 225-311. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Fung, Archon. "Winning the Future: Should Political Scientists Care More About Politics?" Boston Review. May/June 2011. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project panel discussion of Winner Take-All Politics)

Freeman, Richard. "Financial Crime, Near Crime, and Chicanery in the Wall Street Meltdown.Journal of Policy Modeling 32.5 (2010): 690-701. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Gilens, Martin. “Policy Consequences of Representational Inequality.” Who Gets Represented. Ed. Peter K. Enns and Christopher Wlezien. Russell Sage, 2011. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Gilens, Martin. Affluence & Influence: Economic Inequality and Political Power in America. Princeton University Press and the Russell Sage Foundation, forthcoming 2012. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Katz, Michael. "The American Welfare State and Social Contract in Hard Times.Journal of Policy History 22.4 (2010): 508-529. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Kenworthy, Lane. "Rising Inequality, Public Policy, and America's Poor.Challenge 53.6 (2010): 93-109. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Massey, Douglas. "The New Latino Underclass: Immigration Enforcement as a Race-Making Institution." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Moss, David, Anant Thaker, and Howard Rudnick. "Inequality and Decision Making: Imagining a New Line of Inquiry." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 13-099, June 2013.

O’Connor, Alice. "Beyond the “American Dream”: Democracy and Economic Citizenship in the Second Gilded Age." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Piven, Frances Fox. "The Perennial Quest for Democratic Rights: The Case of the National Voter Registration Act." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Sawhill, Isabel. "Do We Face a Permanently Divided Society?The Economics of Inequality, Poverty, and Discrimination in the 21st Century Ed. Robert S. Rycroft. The University of Mary Washington, forthcoming 2012. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Smeeding, Timothy and Thompson, Jeffrey. "Recent Trends in Income Inequality.Who Loses in the Downturn? Economic Crisis, Employment and Income Distribution (Research in Labor Economics, 32), Ed. Herwig Immervoll, Andreas Peichl, Konstantinos Tatsiramos. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011. 1-50. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Smeeding, Timothy and Thompson, Jeffrey. "Inequality in the Great Recession - The Case of the United States." FRDB International Income Inequality Project (July 2011). Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

Voitchovsky, Sarah. "The effects of inequality on growth: perspectives from the theoretical literature." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Democracy & Markets: Understanding the Effects of America's Economic Stratification)

 

National Security:

Art, Robert. "Selective Engagement in an Era of Austerity." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Brooks, Stephen, Ikenberry, G. John, and Wohlforth, William. “Don't Come Home, America: The Case Against Retrenchment.” International Security 37.3 (2012): 7-51. 

Brooks, Stephen, Ikenberry, G. John, and Wohlforth, William. “Lean Forward: In Defense of American Engagement.” Foreign Affairs 92.6 (2012). 

Cronin, Audrey Kurth. “Thinking Long on Afghanistan: Could it be Neutralized?” The Washington Quarterly 36.1 (Winter 2013): 55-72. 

Drezner, Daniel. “Military Primacy Doesn't Pay (Nearly As Much As You Think).” International Security 38.1 (2013): 52-79.

Edelstein, David. "Can Invasion and Occupation Solve America’s Security Challenges?" Working paper. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Elliott, Kimberly Ann. "Carrots and Sticks: The Role of Economic Incentives in American Foreign Policy." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Feldman, Shai. "Pressing the 'Reset Button' on Arab-Israeli Negotiations.Crown Center for Middle East Studies Middle East Brief 48 (2010): 1-7. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Gavin, Francis. "Same As It Ever Was: Nuclear Alarmism, Proliferation, and the Cold War.International Security 34.3 (Winter 2010): 7-37. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Gavin, Francis and Rapp-Hooper, Mira. "U.S. Preventive War Thinking in the Nuclear Age - A Reassessment." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Gholz, Eugene and Press, Daryl. "Footprints in the Sand.American Interest March/April 2010: 59-67. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Hoffman, Bruce. "A Counterterrorism Strategy for the Obama Administration.Terrorism and Political Violence 21.3 (2009): 359-377. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Kirshner, Jonathan. "The Cult of Energy Insecurity and the Crisis of Energy Security." Working paper. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Kirshner, Jonathan. “Bringing Them All Back Home? Dollar Diminution and US Power.” The Washington Quarterly 36.3 (2013): 27-45. 

Koblentz, Gregory. "Biosecurity Reconsidered: Calibrating Biological Threats and Responses." International Security 34.4 (2010): 96-132. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Krause, Peter and Van Evera, Stephen. "Ideas for the War of Ideas.Middle East Policy 16.3 (2009). (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Lischer, Sarah. "Security and Displacement in Iraq: Responding to the Forced Migration Crisis.International Security 33.2 (Fall 2008): 95-119. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Logevall, Frederik and Osgood, Kenneth. "The Ghost of Munich: America’s Appeasement Complex." World Affairs 173.2 (2010): 13-26. (Prepared for 2009 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Narang, Vipin and Staniland, Paul. "Indian Security Strategy in the 21st Century." Working paper. (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Scott-Smith, Giles. "The Heineken Factor? Using Exchanges to Extend the Reach of U.S. Soft Power." American Diplomacy (2011). (Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Sitaraman, Ganesh. "Course Correction: My Term at Afghanistan’s Graduate School of War." The New Republic 8 October 2009. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Sitaraman, Ganesh. "The Land of 10,000 Wars.New York Times 16 August 2009. (Supported by a Tobin Project research grant)

Walsh, Jim. "Pyongyang Policy Options: Instruments and Principles for Dealing with North Korea." Working paper(Prepared for 2010 Tobin Project conference on Power Through Its Prudent Use)

Williams, Cindy. "Planning and Resource Allocation for Statecraft and Security." Working paper. (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

Williams, Cindy. “Accepting Austerity: The Right Way to Cut Defense.” Foreign Affairs 92.6 (2013).

Valentino, Benjamin. "The True Costs of Humanitarian Intervention: The Hard Truth About a Noble Notion.Foreign Affairs 90.6 (November/December 2011). (Prepared for 2008 Tobin Project conference on America & the World: National Security in the New Era)

» See also: The Prudent Use of Power in American National Security Strategy (The Tobin Project, 2010) and How to Make America Safe: New Policies for National Security (The Tobin Project, 2006)